Dakar, Senegal by Xavier Guardans
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In the first half of the twentieth century, most European and American scholars identified the Egyptians as “white” and primarily “Near Eastern” in order to remove them from the African cultural sphere and to serve their ignorant and bigoted views that high civilization could only have been created by non-Africans. In the latter twentieth century, Afrocentric scholars indignantly challenged this model, asserting the “blackness” and “African-ness” of the Egyptians. In each case the aim of these scholars was to claim “ownership” of the Egyptians for their own “race” within the context of the modern, primarily American racial debate. In fact, the Egyptians are certainly Africans, but they are neither “white” in the European sense nor “black” in the Congo-African sense. It can be argued that they were like the modern Ethiopians or Somali people with straight to curly hair and narrow bone structure. So from a modern racial context they would sit in the African world just as Ethiopians, Sudanese, Fulani and Somalis do today. The Egyptians really possessed a wide range of skin color and many differing physical characteristics, as did the ancient Nubians. But as time progressed an Egypt mixed more with outsiders with the final influx of modern Arabs the racial texture of Egypt became more complex with a higher percentage of white skinned Arabs. (As seen in lower Egypt today (North Egypt).